Wagadilly Library – Resources, Documentation & More


Nikki Reads

Note: When researching these subjects, remember to find a Source that doesn’t have a hidden agenda.  Manufacturers of products that contain potentially harmful chemicals, or insecticides that may be creating Pesticide Resistance – are probably not going to admit it!
Please maintain a Health Skepticism in regard to what a veterinarian advises about Flea & Tick control if he/she is gaining on-going Income from Prescriptions and/or frequent Office Visits  by having your Dog(s) on a costly Flea & Tick regimen.
In other words – if convincing you to use a certain product puts money into the Vet’s pocket – then don’t expect the Vet to give you an Unbiased opinion of those products.
“Buyer Beware!” applies to Veterinarians, just as it does to anyone else selling you a service.
Get independent information from sources who do not stand to benefit ! 

“THE MORE RESISTANT FLEAS & TICKS OF TODAY” Article in Commondog.  Click to Read it.
Frontline Plus for Dogs  Active Ingredients:
Fipronil, and (S) Methoprene
Active Ingredients: fipronil: 9.8%, (S)-methoprene: 8.8%
Inert Ingredients: 81.4%

Fipronil is a broad-use insecticide that belongs to the phenylpyrazole chemical family.
Methoprene is considered a biochemical pesticide
Source: Wikipedia


From Wikipedia:
The pyrethrins are a pair of natural organic compounds normally derived from Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium that have potent insecticidal activity, attacking the nervous systems of insects. Pyrethrins are gradually replacing organophosphates and organochlorides as the pesticide of choice, since organochlorides have been shown to have significant and persistent toxic effects to humans. Because they are biodegradable compounds, pyrethrins are being phased out in favor of pyrethroids, a group of synthetic analogues of pyrethrin, for insecticide uses, and appear to have an insect repellent effect when present in non-fatal doses.
Pyrethrins are used in many varieties of insecticides, fogging products, and some pet products, and have been used as an insecticide for over 100 years.[7] In the 1800s, it was known as “Persian powder”, “Persian pellitory”, and “zacherlin”. They affect the flow of sodium out of the nerve cells in insects, resulting in repeated and extended firings of the nerves, causing the insects to die.[9] Piperonyl butoxide, a synergist, is often used in combination with pyrethrin, making the mixture more effective by not allowing the insect’s system to detoxify the pyrethrin.[10]
Although pyrethrin is a potent insecticide, it also is an insect repellent at lower concentrations. Observations in food establishments demonstrate that flies are not immediately killed, but are found more often on windowsills or near doorways. This suggests, due to the low dosage applied, insects are driven to leave the area before dying.[11] Pyrethrin and the synergists are biodegradable and rapidly disintegrate in sunlight and air, thus assuring no excessive build-up of insecticides dispensed in the area being treated.
The United States Department of Agriculture, as of 1972, has stated that synergized pyrethrum is “probably the safest of all insecticides for use in a food plant” [12] and that “a pyrethrum formulation is approved for use around foodstuffs”.[citation needed] All pyrethrins are easily hydrolyzed and degraded by stomach acids in mammals, so toxicity following ingestion by pets is very low. However, pyrethrins are dangerous for cats and fish. Toxicity is usually associated with applying much more of the product than directed. Care should be taken to observe direction labels when using this substance around humans and animals. Overdose and toxicity can result in a variety of symptoms, especially in pets, including drooling, lethargy, muscle tremors, vomiting, seizures and death.[13] Toxicity symptoms in humans include asthmatic breathing, sneezing, nasal stuffiness, headache, nausea, incoordination, tremors, convulsions, facial flushing and swelling, and burning and itching sensations.[14]





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